La Gomera

La Gomera Island is also known as the Columbine island, as it was the place where Christopher Columbus took provisions on board before setting off for America in 1492. It is characterized by its impressive ravines and in particular by the spectacular beauty of its laurel forests in the National Park of Garajonay, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This unique mountain geography has led to the development and tradition of the Gomeran Whistle, a language which is used to communicate across long distances, using only the lips and fingers, and which dates back centuries. People who love hiking are in for a treat, as the island is full of delightful paths to be explored.

La Gomera island, Canarian islands

• Surface: 368.76 square kilometres.

• Highest point: Garajonay, at 1,487 m.

• Protected nature reserves: 17.

– Complete Nature Reserves: Benchijigua.
– Special Nature Reserves: Puntallana.
– Natural Monuments: Los Órganos, Roque Cano, Roque Blanco, La Fortaleza, Barranco del Cabrito, La Caldera,
Lomo del Carretón and Los Roques.
– Protected Landscapes: Orone.
– Places of Scientific Interest: Acantilados de Alajeró, Charco del Conde and Charco de Cieno.
– Nature Parks: Majona.
– National Park: Garajonay.

• World Heritage Site: 1/ National Park of Garajonay.

• Typical flora: Cactus (Euphorbia canariensis), succulent plants (Helichrysum macrantha, Senecio kleinia), dragon tree (Dracaena tamaranae), Canary pine, cedar, laurel, myrica shrub (Myrica faya), winter heath (Erica carnea) and fern (Davallia canariensis).

• Typical fauna: Giant lizard, laurel pigeon (Columba junoniae), Bolle’s pigeon (Columba bolli).

• Population: 22,259 inhabitants*.

• Capital: San Sebastián de La Gomera.
The Gomeran capital has an important historical connection with the discovery of America. Situated around a natural bay, San Sebastián de La Gomera has preserved numerous places and monuments of interest, such as the church of La Asunción, el Pozo (Well) of La Aguada or the Torre (Tower) of El Conde, which served as a place of refuge for the Spanish during a rebellion by the natives in the 15th century.

• Municipalities: 6/ Agulo, Alajeró, Hermigua, San Sebastián de La Gomera, Valle Gran Rey and Vallehermoso.

• Airports: 1/ Airport of La Gomera.

• Passenger Ports: 3/ Port of San Sebastián de La Gomera, Port of Valle Gran Rey and Port of Playa de Santiago.

• Yachting marinas: 3/ Port of San Sebastián de La Gomera, Port of Valle Gran Rey and Port of Playa de Santiago.

• Public hospitals: Hospital Nuestra Sra. de Guadalupe.

• Number of tourists catered for: 6,391*.

• Number of hotel beds: 1,777.

• Number of beds in apartments, etc.: 4,097.

• Number of beds in rural houses: 517.

• Golf courses: 1/ Tecina Golf.

• Museums: 4/ Casa Colón (Columbus House), Casa de La Aguada, Archaeological Museum and Ethnographic Museum.

• Gastronomy: palm honey, rum, spicy cheese, thick watercress and vegetable soup served in wooden bowls, local fish with black potatoes, local sweets.

• Denominations of origin: 1/ Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin Vinos de La Gomera.

• Public holidays: Festival of San Marcos in Agulo, Festival of Santo Domingo in Hermigua, Festivity of the Virgin del Buen Paso in Alajeró, Festivals of the Virgin of Candelaria in Chipude, Columbine Festivals and Five Yearly Festivals of the Virgin of Guadalupe, patron saint of La Gomera.

• Places of interest: National Park of Garajonay, Mirador (viewing point) of Valle Gran Rey, Los Órganos, Roque de Agando, Beach of Los Ingleses (the English), Fortaleza (Fortress) of Chipude, Torre (Tower) del Conde (the Count), and Beach of Santiago.