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Tenerife

Tenerife is the biggest of the islands of the Canarian archipelago in terms of surface area, and has the highest peak in Spanish territory, Mount Teide, with an altitude of 3,718 metres. Moreover, it has two places which have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: San Cristóbal de La Laguna, for its particular design, as it is the earliest example of an unfortified town designed on civil principles; and the National Park of Las Cañadas of Teide, for the richness and diversity of its volcanic landscape. It is an island full of dramatic contrasts, from the green of the laurel forests, the vineyards and the banana plantations, to the beaches of black and golden sands or the mysterious wild zones created by the many volcanoes spread across the island.

Playa de Las Teresitas, Canary Island Tenerife

Playa de Las Teresitas, Canary Island Tenerife

• Surface: 2,034.38 square kilometres.

• Highest point: Mount Teide, at 3,718 m.

• Protected nature reserves: 43.

- Complete Nature Reserves: Ijuana, Pijaral, Los Roques de Anaga and Pinoleris.
– Special Nature Reserves: Malpaís de Güímar, Montaña (mountain) Roja, Malpaís de La Rasca, Barranco del Infierno,
Chinyero and Las Palomas.
– Natural Monuments: Barranco (ravine) de Fasnia y Güímar, Montaña Centinela, Los Derriscaderos, Montañas de Ifara y Los
Riscos, Montaña Pelada, Montaña Colorada, Roque de Jama, Montaña Amarilla, Montaña de Guaza, Caldera del Rey,
Teide, Montaña de Tejina, Roque de Garachico and Montaña de Los Frailes.
– Protected Landscapes: Rambla de Castro, Las Lagunetas, Barranco de Erques, Las Siete Lomas, Ifonche, Acantilados
de La Culata, Los Campeches, Tigaiga y Ruiz, La Resbala and Costa de Acentejo.
– Places of Scientific Interest: Acantilado de La Hondura (cliff), Tabaibal del Porís, Acantilados de Isorana, La Caleta, Interian
and Barranco de Ruiz.
– Nature Parks: Corona Forestal.
– Rural Parks: Anaga and Teno.
– National Park: Teide.

• World Heritage Sites: 2/ National Park of Teide and San Cristóbal de La Laguna.

• Typical flora: Endemic herbaceous plant (Echium wildpretii), Teide violet, Dragon tree, Canary Pine, succulent bushes (kleinia nerifolia; verode) and Euphorbia obtusifolia, Lavatera acerifolia, broom (Fabaceae).

• Typical fauna: Blue chaffinch of Teide, Canary Islands gecko, lizard (Lacerta schreiberi).

• Population: 865,070 inhabitants*.

• Capital: Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
This city shares the status of capital of the archipelago with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and is the seat of the regional parliament. Within the municipality lies the Rural Park of Anaga; here, at Cruz del Carmen, on the Mount of Las Mercedes, is the place in Europe which has the highest number of endemic species per square kilometre.

• Municipalities: 31/ Adeje, Arafo, Arico, Arona, Buenavista del Norte, Candelaria, Fasnia, Garachico, Granadilla de Abona, La Guancha, Guía de Isora, Güímar, Icod de los Vinos, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, La Matanza de Acentejo, La Orotava, Puerto de la Cruz, Los Realejos, El Rosario, San Juan de la Rambla, San Miguel de Abona, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Santa Úrsula, Santiago del Teide, El Sauzal, Los Silos, Tacoronte, El Tanque, Tegueste, La Victoria de Acentejo and Vilaflor.

• Airports: 2/ Airport of Tenerife North (Los Rodeos), and Airport of Tenerife South (Reina Sofía).

• Passenger ports: 2/ Port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Port of Los Cristianos.

• Yachting marinas: 16/ Sport Marina los Gigantes, Sport Marina Radazul, Marina del Atlántico of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Sport Marina of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Royal Yachting Club of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Puerto Colón, Yachting Club of Bajamar, Sport Marina La Galera, Port of Playa San Juan, Marina of Puerto de la Cruz, Puerto de Garachico, Marina of San Marcos, Nautical Club of Güímar, Puerto Chico of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Marina of San Miguel and Port of Los Cristianos.

• Public hospitals: 2/ University Hospital Nuestra Señora de Candelaria and University Hospital of Canaries.

• University centres: 2/ University of La Laguna and Centre for Spanish National Distance Learning University (UNED).

• Number of tourists catered for: 132,826*.

• Number of hotel beds: 78,825.

• Number of beds in apartments, etc.: 52,848.

• Number of beds in rural houses: 1,153.

• Conference Centres: 5/ Auditorium of Tenerife, International Centre for Fairs and Conferences of Tenerife, Magma Art and Conferences, Conference Centre Pyramid of Arona and Conference Centre of Puerto de la Cruz.

• Golf courses: 9/ Abama Golf, Amarilla Golf, Buenavista Golf, Centro de Golf Los Palos, Golf Costa Adeje, Golf del Sur, Golf Las Américas, Real (Royal) Club de Golf of Tenerife, and Golf La Roselada.

• Museums: 13/ Museum of Nature and Humankind, which consists of various museums: Archaeological, Natural Sciences, and History and Anthropology, as well as the Canarian Centre for Bio-Anthropology. Museum of Science and the Cosmos; Photography Centre of Tenerife; Ethnographic Museum of Pinolere; Island Museum-House of Wine; Museum-Castle Fortress of Garachico; Museum of Sacred Art of the Parish of St Mark of Icod de los Vinos; Museum Emeterio Gutiérrez Arbelo; Museum of Slavery of Cristo de La Laguna; Musseum of the Cabrera Pinto Institute; House of the Balconies; Museum of Latin American Handcraft; Museum of Ceramics “Casa Tafuriaste”; Museum El Pajar; Archaeological Museum of Puerto de la Cruz; Regional Military Museum; Municipal Museum of Fine Arts; Ethnographic Museum “Cha Domitila”; Museum of Canarian Pre-History of Vilaflor; Museum of the Granadilla Institute; Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum of El Escobonal; Museum of Contemporary Art of Santa Cruz de Tenerife; and the Museum of History of Tenerife.

• Gastronomy: Local fresh fish with Canarian boiled potatoes and spicy sauce; roast barley stew; corn on the cob with ribs; rabbit in garlic sauce; local meat and fish dishes; vegetable stew; local desserts made with almonds, eggs, sugar etc.

• Denominations of origin: 5/ Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin of Abona, Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin of the Valley of Güímar, Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin of the Valley of La Orotava, Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin of Tacoronte-Acentejo and Regulatory Authority of the Denomination of Origin of Ycoden-Daute-Isora.

• Public holidays: Carnival, Festival of the Virgin of Candelaria, Corpus Christi in La Orotava, Corazones of Tejina, Festival of Cristo de La Laguna, Embarcation of the Virgin of the Carmen in Puerto de la Cruz, Las Tablas of San Andrés and Los Hachitos in Icod de los Vinos, Firework Display on Day of the Cross in Los Realejos, May Festival in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, and local religious processions in most municipalities.

• Places of interest: Mount Teide National Park, Rural Park of Teno, Rural Park of Anaga, Settlement of Masca, Park of the Dragon Tree, Loro Park (animal and bird theme park) Lake Martiánez, Auditorium of Tenerife, Old Town of La Orotava, Old Town of La Laguna, Old Town of Garachico, Beach of El Médano, Vilaflor, Barranco (ravine) del Infierno and Acantilado (cliff) of Los Gigantes.

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